Research and Resources

Can keep like this or make it tidier or more like a bibliography?

Nottingham’s current Nemi Site, Speculum Dianae:

Open University Podcast + video series on Nemi:

This might be useful for our meetings!

(Courtesy of Jen Grove via

(Courtesy of Rebecca Usherwood via The British School of Rome’s website)

(Courtesy of Donna Taylor via Materials Knowledge Transfer Network, Innovate UK’s website)


Throughout the Greek and Roman world many objects of different shape, size and material have been found at sanctuaries and temples to the gods. It is believed these were left by worshippers either as a plea or as a thank you for granting something they needed: a good harvest, a cure for an illness, a new baby…  Some of these are really elaborate and show the wealth of the worshipper but many are crude pieces of terracotta which it is thought were bought on the roadside from street sellers on the approach to the temple complex. Votives shaped as parts of the body, so-called ‘anatomical votives’, have often been thought to actually depict the disease of the worshipper. In the 20th century doctors ‘diagnosed’ ancient models of legs, hands, hands, genitals, but recently there has been more abstract/metaphorical interpretation of them.

On votives body parts in Greece and Rome and their continued use around the world and especially in Catholic Italy: Hughes, J. Fragmentation as Metaphor in the Classical Healing Sanctuary. Social History of Medicine 21.1. 2008 (via

Exhibition at Wellcome Collection on modern Mexican votive paintings to the Saints:

(Courtesy of Jen Grove)


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